Friday, September 2, 2022

How the Minoans Built the Foundation for Modern Europe

 From History of Yesterday:

Evans thought the city, which showed evidence of a complex structure of interconnected rooms linked by a series of hallways and stairs, looked a bit like the labyrinth set up by King Minos. Drawing inspiration from the famous Greek mythological figure, Evans dubbed the site “Knossos” after Minos’ palace. Evans also went on to propose that the name “Minoan” be adopted as a title for the entirety of the newly discovered civilization. Thus, the term is widely used as the nomenclature for the people and settlements across Crete and neighboring islands from 3500 BCE to 1100 BCE.

Evans developed a dating system for the Minoans based on ceramic artifacts he found as well as the discovery of imported Egyptian goods to divide the civilization into three periods — Early Minoan, Middle Minoan, and Late Minoan. Greek archaeologist Nikolas Platon later devised a dating system based on architectural evidence and palace complexes, labeling them as pre-, pro-, neo-, and post-palatial sub-periods. In both systems, marked points divide each Minoan era based on urban development, art, and trade systems. (Read more.)

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