Thursday, January 3, 2019

Neanderthal Genes

From Archaeology News Network:
In international research team, led by paleoanthropologist Philipp Gunz (MPI, Leipzig) and geneticists Simon Fisher and Amanda Tilot (MPI, Nijmegen), developed a new strategy to investigate this question. The team combined analysis of fossil skulls, ancient genome sequence data and brain imaging.

"Our aim was to identify potential candidate genes and biological pathways that are related to brain globularity," says Tilot. To focus their search, they took advantage of the fact that living humans with European ancestry carry rare fragments of Neanderthal DNA buried in their genomes, as a result of interbreeding between Neanderthals and the ancestors of modern Europeans. Different people carry different fragments, which are scattered through the genome. (Read more.)

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