Monday, July 30, 2018

Effie Gray (2014)

Dakota Fanning and Polly Dartford as Euphemia and Sophia Gray in Effie Gray (2014)
Tom Sturridge as John Everett Millais
Effie Gray with John Ruskin (Greg Wise)
 Sophie Gray: [narrating] Once, a beautiful young girl lived in a very cold house in Scotland. The house was cold because someone's grandfather killed himself there. One day, the grandson came to visit the house. He thought the beautiful girl was an angel came down to Earth. The grandson worked very hard. He read and thought and drew and wrote. He wrote a fairy story just for her. She was twelve years old. Her mother and father were kind, but his were wicked. When she grew up, he married her. ~from Effie Gray (2014)
 It is a wonderful to see a child actor or actress blossom in an adult role, especially when they surpass whatever expectations we might have had for them. Such is the case of Dakota Fanning in Effie Gray (2014), where she so adapts Victorian British mannerisms that the viewer can easily forget she is an American. Wearing a mask of serenity, Effie's inner torment is seen only in the eyes, which project an abyss of sorrow and suffering throughout most of the film. In the end, her eyes glow with radiant happiness, although the rest of her expression is immobile. I was in awe watching the film. The character of Effie, based upon John Ruskin's spurned bride, is a challenging role, full of subtleties, but Miss Fanning acquitted herself magnificently.

From the Los Angeles Times:
Genteel almost but not quite to a fault, "Effie Gray" is the decorous treatment of a story that shocked Victorian England: the romantic triangle of critic John Ruskin, his seriously unhappy wife, Euphemia "Effie" Gray, and his protege, the painter John Everett Millais. Starring Dakota Fanning as the young Scottish bride and written by costar Emma Thompson, "Effie Gray" is never less than gorgeous to look at both indoors and out, as cinematographer Andrew Dunn, production designer James Merifield and costume designer Ruth Myers and their teams collaborate to create an enveloping, almost rhapsodic look for the film.

But all this visual splendor puts "Effie Gray" in danger of treating its scandalous story the way Ruskin apparently treated his wife, as a beautiful object to be admired from a distance but never emotionally engaged with. Directed by Richard Laxton, "Effie Gray" is fortunate to have enough strong performances by Fanning, Thompson and top-flight costars (including cameos by James Fox, Robbie Coltrane, Derek Jacobi and even Claudia Cardinale) to eventually overcome the doldrums of decorum and create the feeling we've been needing.

Ruskin, the most influential art critic of the age, first met Effie when she was a girl of 12. The two were married when Effie was 20 and longing to leave rural Scotland for the cultural sophistication of London. There Ruskin held forth to the Pre-Raphaelite painters who were his disciples on his belief that "nature must rule every stroke of your brush. Paint what you see, draw what you see."

In this film, Ruskin (well-played by Greg Wise, Thompson's husband) looks on Effie as a perfect beauty and considers himself "the luckiest of mortals" when she agrees to marry him, and she feels fortunate as well. The newlyweds are to live with Ruskin's parents (professionally played by veterans David Suchet and Julie Walters), but things start to go badly from the moment they walk in the door of their new home. That's when the critic's doting, overpossessive mother lays hands on "my treasure" and announces that she can't wait to personally give him his bath.

It gets worse when, during a wedding night that has been much commented on from then to now, Effie disrobes in front of her husband, only to have him abruptly get up and leave the bedroom. The reasons for this non-consummation of the marriage have been endlessly speculated upon (the film refrains from expressing an opinion), but it was only the beginning of Effie's travails. Starting the very next morning, Effie finds herself a victim of Victorian decorum, someone with no real place in her husband's life. He doesn't want her around when he writes and thinks, not even to sharpen his pencils, and his officious mother, reminding Effie that "you have married no ordinary man," tells her to find solace in growing roses and reading the Bible. "What shall we do, what do married people do?" she asks her husband plaintively, and he replies, truthfully but unhelpfully, "I have as little idea as you."


The couple goes off to Italy, where Ruskin works obsessively on one of his books, "The Stones of Venice," and she finds herself romantically courted by a handsome Italian (Riccardo Scamarcio), a situation that only makes Ruskin crankier. "Venice was once a virgin," he tells her pointedly. "Now she is a harlot."

The only real ray of light in Effie's life is Lady Eastlake, the wife of Charles Eastlake (Fox), the influential president of the Royal Academy. As played by Thompson, who has given herself the film's best lines, Lady Eastlake is the fearless voice of reason this situation clearly needs. Fanning, for her part, completely understands her role and its gently feminist context. Her performance is understated but always effective, a through line for audiences when things on screen go quiet.

The film heats up, as does this young wife's life, when she gets to spend some time in her native Scotland with her husband and the young painter Millais, well-played by Tom Sturridge. His passionate nature attracts her, but in a culture where divorce was forbidden, this presents a problem. (Read more.)
The marriage of Effie to John Ruskin was eventually annulled and she was able to marry Millais, with whom she had eight children. No one really knows why Ruskin refused to consummate his marriage but it seems to me that he had so idealized Effie's beauty that he could not deal with her humanity. I wonder if he had a madonna/whore complex that can be exacerbated by looking at porn. Women to him were either untouchable statues or worthy only of contempt for their lack of purity. He had loved the child but not the woman. It was as if in his high-mindedness he saw himself as too good for the woman she had become, such was his disdain and contempt. He later tried to say that Effie was crazy, but the rest of her life as Mrs. Millais she showed herself to be mentally sound. The film does a great job in capturing Effie's misery in a dysfunctional relationship, and anyone who has ever been in such a relationship can identify.

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