This painting depicts the death of Louis, Dauphin of France, who died of consumption on this day, December 20th, in 1765. He was the eldest and only surviving son of Louis XV and Marie Leszczyńska.
Louis was married twice. His first wife, Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain, died shortly after giving birth to their daughter, Marie Therese, who only lived for two years.There are four boys in the painting. I am guessing that, left to right, they are Provence (Louis XVIII); Berry (Louis XVI), who is clutching his father's legs in an effort to keep him from leaving; Burgogne, who is dead and ready to lead his father to the heavenly kingdom; Artois (Charles X), who is looking to his mother for comfort. It is allegorical painting, but it genuinely captures the grief of the family of the Dauphin and Dauphine. Share
He and his second wife, Maria Josepha of Saxony, were the parents to many children, though only five would survive to adulthood. They had three sons who were kings of France: Louis XVI, Louis XVIII, and Charles X. One daughter, Marie Clotilde, became Queen of Sardinia. Another daughter, Madame Elisabeth, never married and remained in France with her family, and was ultimately guillotined during the French Revolution. (Read more.)