The skeletons provide a rare opportunity to study the medieval population of London, according to osteologist Don Walker, of the Museum of London Archaeology.Share
He said: "We can start to answer questions like: where did they come from and what were their lives like?
"I'm amazed how much you can learn about a person who died more than 600 years ago."
Analysis of the skeletons' bones and teeth indicates that:
Mr Carver said: "We can see from the people here that Londoners weren't living an easy life.
- Many of the skeletons appear to suffer signs of malnutrition and 16% had rickets.
- There is a high rate of back damage and strain indicating heavy manual labour.
- The later skeletons from the 1400s had a high rate of upper body injury consistent with being involved in violent altercations.
- 13 of the skeletons were male, three female, two children, the gender was undetermined in the other seven skeletons.
- 40% grew up outside London, possibly as far north as Scotland - showing that 14th Century London attracted people from across Britain just as it does today.
"The combination of a poor diet and generally a struggle means they were very susceptible to the plague at that time and that's possibly one of the explanations for why the Black Death was so devastating." (Read more.)